What's Arabica Coffee?

The Origin of Arabica

Classifications of Taxonomy

Linnaeus class plants is regarded as the founder of modern Botany Taxonomy. He introduced the standard hierarchy of class, order, genus, and species, his main success was providing workable keys, making it possible to identify plants and animals from his books. Family: Rubiacea 450 genera and around 6,500 species worldwide. Flowers usually have both male and female sex organs we rely on pollination. Genus & species classifications genus Coffea Arabica(l), Subspecies or Variety Over 120 species Canifera and

Usinodes.

The Origin of Specialty Coffee

The origins of the varieties are rank of taxa delineates differences between plants that are smaller than in subspecies but larger than forms. A variety retains most of the characteristics of the species but differs in some way. More often in arabica, population diversity will stay the same or be lowered due to self-fertilization without much crossbreeding. It is estimated that ~90% of arabica is self-fertilized.

Cultivar: Any variety produced by horticultural or agricultural techniques and not normally found in natural populations; a cultivated variety. Most of the varieties we know in specialty coffee are really cultivars. Bourbon and Typica are some of the most widely known cultivars. Hybrids are created by crosses between two different species or two different forms of the same species. Hybrids may occur through naturally or selective breeding. For example, Mundo Novo is a hybrid of Typica and Bourbon. They are indicated in botanical terminology by a multiplication sign between the two parents. And Maracaturra is a hybrid of Maragogype and Caturra; believed to have naturally occurred in the late 1800's and is mainly found in El Salvador, and Nicaragua. They have large sized beans and leaves; with strong and diverse taste, mature fruity acidity. The Caturra lineage contributes to the coffee's taste and its high yield.

The voyage of the coffee bean:

Single Origin

Single Origin

Single Serve

Single Serve

New Coffees

New Coffees

All Coffees

All Coffees

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